@missilecrisis62: The Cuban missile crisis is over (at least the 13 Days) but the Cold War continues! Stay tuned to @coldwartweets.
@missilecrisis62: Dismantling of missile sites on Cuba by Soviet troops begins
@missilecrisis62: JCS revaluate airstrike plans in light of recent estimate of military capacity in Cuba & debate if tactical nuclear weapons now be used
@missilecrisis62: Rusk warns against gloating at Sov decision & states that with IL-28s still in Cuba "it is not yet the time to say this is over"
@missilecrisis62: Instructions to dismantle missiles are received by Soviet troops on Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Castro declares other measures he feels should be taken inc ending economic blockade against Cuba & stopping all US recon flights
@missilecrisis62: Castro declares US promise of nonaggression "unsatisfactory" without further measures
@missilecrisis62: JFK agrees US considers IL-28 fighter planes on Cuba "offensive" & should push for their removal but not get "hung up" on this
@missilecrisis62: JFK orders that no reconnaissance mission be flown over Cuba & no action taken against Soviet ships
@missilecrisis62: McNamara informs ExComm that Grozny has stopped moving & no other Soviet ships will enter quarantine zone during the day
@missilecrisis62: RFK meets with Dobrynin who notes that Khrushchev has agreed to withdraw missiles & wants to send his best wishes to both RFK & JFK
@missilecrisis62: Castro reportedly goes to San Antonio Air Force base in order to shoot down US low-level aircraft himself, however none appear
@missilecrisis62: In Havana Castro (who wasn't consulted beforehand) curses the decision, calls Khrushchev "son of a bitch, bastard, asshole"
@missilecrisis62: Admiral Anderson complains that "the no-invasion pledge leaves Castro free to make trouble in Latin America"
@missilecrisis62: JFK states "I feel like a new man nowƒThank God it's all over"
@missilecrisis62: JFK declares message from Moscow "an important & constructive contribution to peace"
@missilecrisis62: Radio Moscow broadcasts message from Khrushchev stating that Sov Gov has "issued a new order on the dismantling of the weapons"
@missilecrisis62: Some members of JCS unenthusiastic about developments - Admiral Anderson states "we've been had"
@missilecrisis62: Soviet ship Grozny ordered by Moscow not to challenge the blockade & comes to a standstill just outside the quarantine zone
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev also orders Pliyev "We have taken a decision to dismantle the R-12 missiles & evacuate them. Begin to implement this measure"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev informed that U2 plane shot down by Anderson on the 27th was by Soviet not Cuban troops
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev sends message to Pliyev stating "We consider that you acted too hastily in shooting down the American U2"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev informs Presidium that the USSR will retaliate "if an attack on Cuba" but "we agree to dismantle the missile sites"
@missilecrisis62: Cuban radio declares "whoever attempts to invade Cuba will gather only the dust of its blood-drenched soil, if they do not die in the fight"
@missilecrisis62: ExComm also plans to announce any Sov submarine within 500 mile intercept zone "hostile" & to be fired upon if they present "a threat"
@missilecrisis62: JCS has revised schedule of reaction times to attack Cuba inc full airstrike in 12 hrs, invasion in 7 days & all forces ashore in 18 days
@missilecrisis62: Castro meets with Alekseyev in Havana to discuss the crisis. Alekseyev later recalls Castro "evaluated the situation as highly alarming"
@missilecrisis62: Moscow order submarine B-59 to "throw off your pursuers" & move close to Havana but sub still surrounded by US Navy
@missilecrisis62: JFK requests a plan be drawn up for the possible early removal of Jupiter missiles from Turkey
@missilecrisis62: Rusk dictates proposal to the UN for U Thant to request removal of both Jupiter missiles in Turkey & Soviet missiles in Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Unknown to rest of ExComm JFK & Rusk prepare contingency plan for a public Turkey-for-Cuba missile trade
@missilecrisis62: Soviet sub B-59 surfaces amongst 4 US destroyers & raise Soviet state flag. Savistsky demands US Navy "half your provocative actions"
@missilecrisis62: McNamara: US must be "damned sure" to have prepared "a government for Cuba" & plans on how to respond to SovUnion in Europe
@missilecrisis62: ExComm reconvenes to discuss next steps inc an airstrike & extending blockade to include the transport of petroleum & oil
@missilecrisis62: JFK's letter, drafted earlier, is transmitted to Moscow & released directly to press to avoid communication delays
@missilecrisis62: RFK returns to White House & says of mood: "we had not abandoned hope but what hope there was now rested with Khrushchev"
@missilecrisis62: Sov crews feel as if blasted "with a sledgehammer". Commander wonders if "war has already started up there, while we are doing somersaults"
@missilecrisis62: U.S Navy located all 4 Sov submarines, begins dropping depth charges to signal them to the surface but Sub commanders don't understand
@missilecrisis62: JFK authorizes plans for round the clock surveillance of Cuba but orders that they be put on hold until the next day
@missilecrisis62: JFK also decides to send oral message via Dobrynin that if Sovs do not remove missiles from Cuba then US will take military action
@missilecrisis62: ExComm drafts message to Khrushchev negotiating on his 1st request of US noninvasion pledge exchanged for declaration that Sov ships unarmed
@missilecrisis62: JFK decides not to retaliate but agrees to attack SAM sites if any more planes shot down
@missilecrisis62: Taylor informs ExComm that Anderson's U2 shot down, presumably by a SAM site
@missilecrisis62: JFK asks U Thant to request that the Soviet gov stop work on missile bases as negotiations continue
@missilecrisis62: 6 US recon planes take off for low level mission over Cuba. 2/6 forced to abort due to mechanical failures
@missilecrisis62: CIA intercepts a message broadcast near Havana calling for the destruction of "any kind of yangui [Yankee] property"
@missilecrisis62: Convoy of nuclear warheads arrived in Sidorov's regiment in Calabazar de Sagua, who now has 8 R-12 missiles capable of hitting the US
@missilecrisis62: Cuban radio announces that Cuban air forces "ready to defend the sacred rights of the motherland"
@missilecrisis62: 2 B-52 jets take off from Texas carrying 1.1 megaton nuclear weapons in preparation to bomb the Soviet Union if necessary
@missilecrisis62: Maultsby manages to return to US airspace safely, told "Welcome home" over his radio
@missilecrisis62: On hearing the news JFK laughs bitterly and says "there's always some sonofabitch that doesn't get the word"
@missilecrisis62: JFK's aides panic at news of missing U2, worried Sovs will regard it as "last min Intel reconnaissance in preparation for nuclear war"
@missilecrisis62: US military chiefs argue that "delay in taking further direct military actionÄis to the benefit of the Soviet Union"
@missilecrisis62: Maultsby picks up Russian folk music on his U2 radio & realizes he is lost in Sov airspace. US fighter jets in Alaska head to assist
@missilecrisis62: General Power informed of Maultsby's missing U2 flight
@missilecrisis62: White House spokesman Salinger tells reporters that latest Sov message 1 of "several inconsistent & conflicting proposals" from Moscow
@missilecrisis62: JFK tells governors - "I chose the quarantine because I wondered if our people are ready for the bomb"
@missilecrisis62: Unaware of lost & shoot down U2s, JFK meets with delegation of state governors to discuss civil defense
@missilecrisis62: As Maultsby crosses the border 6 Soviet interceptor jets take off from Chukotka to shoot down the intruder plane
@missilecrisis62: Confused by the Northern Lights, U2 piloted by Maultsby strays into Soviet Airspace
@missilecrisis62: US nuclear test is conducted over the pacific - 800 megaton bomb dropped
@missilecrisis62: U2 piloted by Anderson is shot down by Soviet troops in Cuba without direct authorization from Moscow
@missilecrisis62: In Moscow newspaper headlines read "Keeping the peace is the main goal of the government of the USSR"
@missilecrisis62: ExComm begins debating response to 2nd message - JFK states that going to war rather than accepting a trade "an insupportable position"
@missilecrisis62: AP & Reuters bulletins state Khrushchev says will withdraw Cuban missiles in exchange for Turkish ones - JFK not yet received this message
@missilecrisis62: JFK agrees to ask U Thant to inform the Russians in NYC of where the US is drawing the quarantine line
@missilecrisis62: U2 plane piloted by Major Anderson takes off for a low level reconnaissance of Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Radio Moscow broadcasts message from Khrushchev calling for removal of US missiles in Turkey in exchange Soviet missiles in Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Protests take place in London with chants of "Hands off Cuba" & "Up Fidel, Kennedy to hell!"
@missilecrisis62: Heavily organized protests take place in Moscow against "Yankee aggressors"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev orders return of R-14 warheads aboard the Aleksandrovsk
@missilecrisis62: U2 flight piloted by Captain Maultsby takes off from Alaska on routine air sampling mission to collect evidence of Soviet nuclear tests
@missilecrisis62: Planned Soviet nuclear test takes place over Arctic Circle - 260 kiloton bomb dropped
@missilecrisis62: Castro also concerned US underestimation of Soviet troops on Cuba an attempt to undermine Soviet desire to defend the island
@missilecrisis62: Castro shares concerns that Khrushchev's resolve is faltering with Sov. Ambassador Alekseev in Havana
@missilecrisis62: Soviet missile testing site in Kazakhstan ordered to prepare 2 R-7 missiles with 2.8 megaton nuclear warheads capable of reaching NYC
@missilecrisis62: Press becomes restricted in Havana - foreign journalists who complain are arrested & accused as "American agents"
@missilecrisis62: Guantanamo bay guarded by 5868 Marines with another Marine division enroute via Panama Canal. 150000 troops mobilized for ground invasion
@missilecrisis62: After identifying more military sites in Cuba, US reviews poss airstrike plan to include 3 huge strikes per day - named Operation Scabbards
@missilecrisis62: Convey of nuclear warheads departs central storage depot in Bejucal (which US unaware of) for regiment in central Cuba lead by Col. Sidorov
@missilecrisis62: Pliyev begins dispersing nuclear warheads - firstly to the regiments that had the best chance of a successful nuclear strike on US
@missilecrisis62: Pliyev tells Moscow he expects "US airstrike during the night..I have decided to use all air defense means available to me"
@missilecrisis62: UK Prime Minister Macmillan speaks to JFK & offers to "immobilize" the 60 Thor missiles in the UK with US owned nuclear warheads
@missilecrisis62: Scali meets again with Fomin: "I have reason to believe that [US Gov] sees real possibilitiesƒhowever time is very urgent"
@missilecrisis62: Crowds in Havana cheer Captain Romanov of Vinnitsa as first Soviet ship to pass through US blockade.
@missilecrisis62: Castro orders Cuban antiaircraft forces to fire on all US aircraft flying overhead: "we cannot tolerate these low-level over flights"
@missilecrisis62: Roselli, a mobster who was involved a CIA-directed plan to poison Castro, returns to Washington after mission "put on hold"
@missilecrisis62: Contrary to his earlier mentality, RFK rules out "major acts of sabotage" against Cuba while international tensions so high
@missilecrisis62: RFK derides CIA Operation Mongoose head Harvey for attempted sabotage when "security exceedingly tight, results questionable & losses high"
@missilecrisis62: Cuban President Dorticos tells Yugoslav ambassador that US attack "inevitableƒ...will be a miracle if it does not come this evening"
@missilecrisis62: President of Brazil sends message to Castro saying that US would destroy missile site unless construction "suspended in next 48hrs"
@missilecrisis62: Castro hears rumors that JFK gave UN a deadline for "liquidation" of Sov. missiles in Cuba - assumes if not met US will attack missile sites
@missilecrisis62: Raymond Hare (US ambassador in Turkey) warns Turkish Gov will "deeply resent" a trade of missiles on Cuba with those on Turkey
@missilecrisis62: JFK & McCone debate removing missile sites - JFK still fears airstrike/invasion causing Soviets to fire missiles & a "very bloody fight"
@missilecrisis62: McCone: "invading is going to be a much more serious undertaking than most people realize - it's very evil stuff they've got there"
@missilecrisis62: Excomm showed low level recon photos. McCone points out Luna missiles as "tactical nuclear weapons for fighting troops in the field"
@missilecrisis62: After 4 weeks at sea Lieutenant Andreev describes conditions on B-36: "the commander's nerves are shot to hell" & heat up to 134 degrees
@missilecrisis62: Noticing it has been spotted 80 miles east of Grand Turk, B-36 submarine goes into an emergency dive
@missilecrisis62: US analysts conclude 4/6 medium range missiles "fully operational" the rest operational within 2 days
@missilecrisis62: US analysis of recon photos reveal military encampment of Soviet troops & Luna missiles capable of destroying US invading force on Cuba
@missilecrisis62: JFK orders Navy to board Marucla, a Lebanese freighter under USSR charter: 'We've got to prove sooner or later that the blockade works"
@missilecrisis62: Soviet news headlines: "Everything to Prevent War. Reason Must Prevail"
@missilecrisis62: In response to false alarm caused by bear, Air Force begins "flushing" nuclear interceptor force from Volk Field, WI.
@missilecrisis62: US Navy reports several sightings of Soviet submarines
@missilecrisis62: USS Kennedy approaches Lebanese freighter Marucla & informs her that she will be barded in the morning
@missilecrisis62: Stevenson tells Zorin he is "prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over". Zorin refuses to look at photographs.
@missilecrisis62: UN Secretary General Thant writes to JFK & Khrushchev, requests they avoid direct confrontation while quarantine in place
@missilecrisis62: Soviets remain confident US unaware of FKR cruise missiles with nuclear warheads on Cuba, capable of destroying Guantanamo Bay
@missilecrisis62: JFK approves a program to drop propaganda leaflets over Cuba but "Operation Bugle Call" never actually carried out
@missilecrisis62: Workers at Matahambre mine discover and dismantle the planted bombs
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev suggests removing R-12s from Cuba and "leave other missiles thereƒstrengthen Cuba & save it for 2 or 3 years"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev proposes compromise to Presidium: to remove Sov missiles from Cuba if JFK give "firm guarantees" not to attack Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Vera attacks 2nd bomb designed to bring tower down and disrupt power to the mine
@missilecrisis62: Orozco places 2 bombs on cables from the tower to be carried to copper mine & Santa Lucia docks when tramway starts in the am
@missilecrisis62: Orozco & Vera (CIA saboteurs in Cuba) reach "break over tower" between Matahamre copper mine and the sea after 5 days
@missilecrisis62: In response to US recon flights over all missile launch sites, Gen. Statsenko orders that missiles "move to reserve positions"
@missilecrisis62: Soviet missile crews show that they can successfully reach Readiness Condition 2 leaving R-12 missiles 60 mins from launching
@missilecrisis62: In Cuba Soviet regiments practice preparing R-12 missiles for launch & targeting them as far as New York which CIA believed impossible
@missilecrisis62: JFK informs his friend Charles Bartlett of his belief that Soviet ships "are coming through"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev sends JFK a message accusing him of "outright banditry" & "pushing mankind to the abyss of a nuclear war"
@missilecrisis62: At dinner, JFK dismisses a toast to celebrate turnaround of Soviet ships: "you don't want to celebrate in this game this early"
@missilecrisis62: Dobrynin will later call Oct 24 "probably the most memorable day in the whole long period of my service as ambassador to the US"
@missilecrisis62: US public increasingly worried of nuclear apocalypse. Bob Dylan later describes "the fearful night we thought the world would end"
@missilecrisis62: McNamara gives cautious statement to US press "some of the bloc vessels...appear to have altered course...intercepts necessary"
@missilecrisis62: Crisis causes prices on NY Stock Exchange to fall. Economist tells NY Times that "massive uncertainty" might result if it continues
@missilecrisis62: Marines plan for invasion of Cuba by 120000 US troops. Potential casualties in 1st 10 days estimated >18000 with 4000 dead
@missilecrisis62: Aboard helicopter carrier USS Okinawa, US Marines chant "Gonna go to #Cuba, whatta we gonna do? Gonna castrate Castro"
@missilecrisis62: Castro inspects defenses east of Havana & resolves to move antiaircraft guns inland to target low flying planes & defend missiles
@missilecrisis62: Castro meets with staff & objects to low level US recon flights: exclaims "no political reason" not to "dejalos fritos" ("fry them")
@missilecrisis62: Gen. Power's unauthorized address to SAC on open airwaves ("ready to meet any emergencies") picked up by USSR intelligence
@missilecrisis62: SAC, under Gen. Power, have selected 220 "high priority Task 1 targets" in USSR for immediate destruction if alert given
@missilecrisis62: Original CIA belief in confrontation thought to be caused by delays in communication making tracking postions of Soviet ships difficult
@missilecrisis62: In reality Kimovsk/Yuri Gagarin were 800/500 miles from the Essex with no risk of confrontation, having turned back on previous day
@missilecrisis62: RFK would later recall that "for a moment the world had stood still, & now it was going around again"
@missilecrisis62: Rusk tells Excomm "We're eyeball to eyeball & the other fellow just blinked"
@missilecrisis62: JFK cancels scheduled intercept of Soviet ship Kimovsk & submarine escort by US aircraft carrier group led by the Essex
@missilecrisis62: McCone returns to Excomm with news that all ships stopped or headed away from Cuba. 4 Soviet Submarines remain in W. Atlantic
@missilecrisis62: JFK: "we don't wanna have the 1st thing we attack be a Soviet submarine".
@missilecrisis62: JFK asks Navy reaction if Sov. submarine sank US destroyer & told Navy would signal for submarines to surface but cause no damage
@missilecrisis62: McCone interrupts with news that "all 6 Soviet ships in Cuban waters...have either stopped or changed course"
@missilecrisis62: McNamara reports to Excomm that Soviet ships Kimovsk & Yuri Gagarin are approaching quarantine barrier
@missilecrisis62: CIA: 22 Sov ships enroute to Cuba, some with suspected missiles & many receiving urgent unbreakable messages from Moscow
@missilecrisis62: Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister later tells colleagues that Khrushchev "shit in his pants" on discovering SAC moving to DEFCON-2
@missilecrisis62: Gen. Power, chief of US Strategic Air Command, orders his forces to DEFCON-2, 1 step below imminent nuclear war for 1st time ever
@missilecrisis62: Soviet armed forces also placed on high alert - all military leave canceled and discharges deferred indefinitely
@missilecrisis62: US army mobilized in case of invasion of Cuba - greatest emergency mobilization of US troops since WWII
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev asserts that US must get used to missiles on Cuba: "you aren't happy with itÉbut you'll learn to live with it"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev tells visiting US businessman Knox he is "not interested in destruction" but if JFK wants to "meet in hell" it's up to him
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev says if US curious what Sov. arms on Cuba they should attack - Guantanamo Naval Base would "disappear the 1st day"
@missilecrisis62: Sov. poet Yevtushenko composes poem to US "it will be difficult to regain the grandeur that you have lost through your blind games"
@missilecrisis62: Che Guevara prepares to create armed militias to fight a guerrilla war in case US invades Cuban cities
@missilecrisis62: Maurice Halperin, former US diplomat, observes Cuban public arming themselves for "hand to hand combat"
@missilecrisis62: Dobrynin tells RFK that Soviet ships under orders to ignore "unlawful demands to stop" & stopping them to be "an act of war"
@missilecrisis62: RFK meets with Dobrynin & says JFK feels betrayed by the Soviets with "devastating implications for the peace of the world"
@missilecrisis62: JFK orders Navy to give "highest priority to tracking [Soviet] submarines" & "greatest possible safety measures" for own vessels
@missilecrisis62: Anderson furious at McNamara questioning his command: 'This is none of your goddamn business!"
@missilecrisis62: McNamara tells US Navy chief Anderson not to "fire a single shot at anything" without his permission
@missilecrisis62: In USSR embassy in Washington, Soviet military attache says he is "looking forward" to the next war: "our ships will sail through"
@missilecrisis62: JFK authorizes US Navy to intercept & "take into custody" Sov. ships enroute to Cuba with "offensive weapons" from 10am next day
@missilecrisis62: Soviet cargo ship Kimovsk reverses course in Atlantic with five R-14 missiles. U.S. Navy not immediately aware of course reversal.
@missilecrisis62: All civilian air traffic in Cuba suspended indefinitely & majority of roads closed following Castro's mobilization order
@missilecrisis62: Soldiers erect antiaircraft guns outside Hotel Nacional in Havana where Winston Churchill had once vacationed
@missilecrisis62: Overnight thousands of posters appear across Cuba calling citizens "a las armas" - "to arms"
@missilecrisis62: However 44 tactical warheads unloaded from Aleksandrovsk and taken to cruise missile regiments at opposite ends of Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Soviet ships Aleksandrovsk (carrying nuclear weapons) docks in La Isabel, Cuba. R-14 warheads remain on board as more secure
@missilecrisis62: KGB arrests Col. Penkovsky for spying for the US who immediately agrees to cooperate "in the interests of the motherland"
@missilecrisis62: Soviet leaders eventually decide submarines should be held back 2-3 days sailing from Cuba as risk of detection too great
@missilecrisis62: Castro dictates next days newspaper headlines. Declares Cubans "heroic defenders of the Revolution...we will win!"
@missilecrisis62: US Air Defense Command sends 161 aircraft to 16 bases in 9hrs - all aircrafts armed with nuclear weapons for 1st time ever
@missilecrisis62: JFK also addresses "captive people of Cuba", says their leaders no longer of "Cuban ideals" but "agents of international conspiracy"
@missilecrisis62: Castro extends command of Cuba - sends brother Raul to East Cuba and Che Guevara to Western provinces. Castro remains in center
@missilecrisis62: Castro orders mobilization of reserves of Cuban army - will triple regular army of 105,000 in 72 hours
@missilecrisis62: Soviet ships close to Cuba (inc. Aleksandrovsk carrying nuclear warheads) ordered to head for nearest port
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev orders Sov. Ships outside of Cuban waters to return - inc. ships carrying R-14 missiles & 1 with R-12 equipment
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev increases alert levels for Sov. troops & drafts statement calling blockade "piracy" & accusing US of pushing world to war
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev originally pleased US not demanding removal of Sov nukes from Cuba by a deadline: "not a war" but "an ultimatum"
@missilecrisis62: JFK's speech & a letter delivered to Kremlin; "US is determined that this threat to the security of this hemisphere be removed"
@missilecrisis62: Rusk would later recall that Dobrynin, who never knew of the Soviet missile deployment, aged "10 yrs right in front of my eyes"
@missilecrisis62: Dean Rusk delivers Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin a copy of JFK's speech, calls USSR missile deployment 'a gross error'
@missilecrisis62: JFK furious at Congress leaders' criticism: "if they want this job, fuck 'em...they can have it. It's no great joy to me"
@missilecrisis62: Former Rhodes Scholar William Fulbright pushes for "all out" invasion Cuba as soon "as possible"
@missilecrisis62: JFK states that if US attack Cuba they are taking a chance that Sov. Missiles "won't be fired...that is one hell of a gamble"
@missilecrisis62: JFK argues that blockade is dangerous enough - could still lead to war in "24 hours" in somewhere like Berlin
@missilecrisis62: However US Senator Richard Russell says immediate airstrike necessary: "we're either a world class power of we're not"
@missilecrisis62: 17 congressional leaders from both parties assemble at White House & briefed on quarantine plan. Most offer their support
@missilecrisis62: US B-52 nuclear bomber flights begin around the clock, meaning that 1/8th of the force is airborne at any given time
@missilecrisis62: In Washington JFK sticks to scheduled appointments - meets with Prime Minister of Uganda to discuss African economic development
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev concerned: "the tragic thing is that [US] can attack us & we will respond - this could all end up in a big war"
@missilecrisis62: Malinovsky orders troops on Cuba to oppose US attack by "all possible means"
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev tells son Sergei that US "probably discovered our missiles...they're defenseless"
@missilecrisis62: Reports of unusual activity in Washington reach Khrushchev - told JFK plans to address US on matter of "highest national urgency"
@missilecrisis62: Although it has been operating for several days, Excomm is formally established by JFK in meeting with National Security Council
@missilecrisis62: US Marines began evacuating civilians from Guantanamo Bay Naval base - 2810 women & children leave
@missilecrisis62: UK Prime Minister "Now the Americans will realize what we here in England have lived through for the past many years"
@missilecrisis62: French President Charles de Gaulle "It is exactly what I would have done - tell your President that France will support him"
@missilecrisis62: US briefing on Soviet action in Cuba drawn up for other Heads of Government: "Soviets are playing for very high stakes indeed"
@missilecrisis62: White House realizes press is beginning to piece together information. However they hold their stories on JFK's request
@missilecrisis62: Despite approving the blockade, JFK also directs the military to prepare for a possible airstrike
@missilecrisis62: JFK concludes that any course of action may threaten the US but "the biggest danger lay in taking no action"
@missilecrisis62: US Blockade plans are outlined: approaching ships will be signaled to stop for inspection - shots will be fired if they don't comply
@missilecrisis62: CIA reports a nuclear warhead bunker under rapid construction near fixed missile sites in Guananjay, Cuba
@missilecrisis62: President Kennedy gives final approval to a blockade of Cuba
@missilecrisis62: NY Times asks about increased activity in Washington - White House asks they hold story "in the interest of national security"
@missilecrisis62: JFK's address to the nation on the blockade is set for October 22 at 7pm - referred to as 'P' hour
@missilecrisis62: US intelligence identifies a nuclear warhead storage bunker but is unable to confirm the presence of the warheads themselves
@missilecrisis62: JFK: " we're willing to take strategic missiles out of Turkey and Italy but should only make such a proposal in the future"
@missilecrisis62: JFK declares that only a blockade is "compatible with US principles", as an airstrike could involve heavy casualties on all sides
@missilecrisis62: JFK returns to Washington & tells Excomm "we are very very close to war & there is not room in the White House shelter for all of us"
@missilecrisis62: McNamara estimates to JFK that 6000-8000 Soviet troops on Cuba. 40,000 Soviet troops actually present.
@missilecrisis62: JFK cancels remainder of his midterm election campaign trip to focus on crisis. Press told "the president has a cold"
@missilecrisis62: McNamara orders the preparation of 4 tactical squadrons for a possible airstrike on Cuba; "there won't be time to do it later"
@missilecrisis62: Final planning for the implementation of a naval blockade on Cuba by the US is completed by Excomm
@missilecrisis62: 1st Soviet missile declared "combat-ready" by USSR 79th missile regiment in Sagua la Grande, central Cuba, after 3 months prep
@missilecrisis62: Theodore Sorensen completes a speech for JFK to announce a blockade of Cuba by the US
@missilecrisis62: Miguel Orozco & Pedro Vera, 2 Cubans working for the CIA, enter Cuba a on guerrilla operation to attack Matahambre copper mine
@missilecrisis62: US Defense Department publically denies any knowledge of missiles in Cuba or any emergency action by the US to press
@missilecrisis62: CIA identifies Sov. ship Aleksandrovsk as "dry cargo" ship of little importance - nuclear weapons actually on board
@missilecrisis62: After JFK leaves, Gen. Shoup (Head of Marine Corps) says US should settle matters with "that little pipsqueak of a place" for good
@missilecrisis62: But JFK believes "winning a nuclear war" pointless as could cause 70mil US deaths: "you're talking the about destruction of a country"
@missilecrisis62: LeMay believes US nuclear superiority will put Khrushchev "in a trap", tells associates "let's take off his testicles"
@missilecrisis62: Gen LeMay disagrees with JFK, says lack of firm action "will lead right into war" a la appeasement of Nazis in Munich
@missilecrisis62: JFK predicts US attack on Cuba will cause Sov attack on Berlin, then only choice "to fire nuclear weapons - a hell of an alternative"
@missilecrisis62: CIA has identified 3 different medium range missile sites with 8 missile launchers each - 2 missiles are operational now
@missilecrisis62: U2 spy planes have discovered 2nd cluster of missile sites in central Cuba. These inc. facilities for IRBMs with ranges of 2800 miles
@missilecrisis62: Excomm develops both blockade & airstrike plans to present to JFK
@missilecrisis62: JFK requests the preparation of a brief to establish the legal basis of a blockade of Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Excomm still split on blocade vs airstrike in #Cuba
@missilecrisis62: Former Secstate Dean Acheson dismisses "Pearl Harbor in reverse" analogy & calls for airstrike
@missilecrisis62: RFK asks Excomm if surprise air attack would be morally right. Worried about "Pearl Harbor" in reverse
@missilecrisis62: Soviet cargo ship Pogbinek arrives Cuba from Nikolaev (Ukraine) with mobile nuclear warhead teams on board
@missilecrisis62: US Army Chief Maxwell Taylor: "There will be a political approach followed by a warning, a blockade, air strikes, invasion"
@missilecrisis62: >40 US warships head for Vieques island (Puerto Rico) for practice invasion of Cuba, dubbed "Operation ORTSAC" (CASTRO backwards)
@missilecrisis62: Excomm supporters of US airstrike concerned that blockade of #Cuba might lead to Soviet blocade of Berlin
@missilecrisis62: McNamara declares a 'surgical' airstrike militarily impractical & would lead to an invasion - advocates a blockade
@missilecrisis62: RFK states that if USSR wants war then better to "get it over with" and find pretext for invading Cuba - "sink the Maine again"
@missilecrisis62: JFK thinks Soviet action intended as "psychological" & "political" threat to US as well as being defensive
@missilecrisis62: JFK ask aides why Khrushchev would put missiles so close to US. Bundy refers to US missile in Turkey: "Well, we did it, Mr President"
@missilecrisis62: Soviet cargo ship Bolshevik Sukhanov leaves for Cuba from Kaliningrad with equipment for R-14 missiles
@missilecrisis62: JFK tells reporters that his priority is avoiding "3rd & perhaps last war" but does not disclose Soviet missiles on #cuba
@missilecrisis62: Robert Kennedy informs the Mongoose operational team that they will meet at 9.30am every morning until further notice
@missilecrisis62: ExComm discusses possible action, RFK passes a note to his brother: 'I now know how Tojo felt when he was planning Pearl Harbor"
@missilecrisis62: Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Maxwell Taylor warns that despite this, the missiles could be fired "very quickly"
@missilecrisis62: Defense Secretary McNamara suggest that nuclear warheads not yet present on Cuba so couldn't be fired immediately
@missilecrisis62: US intelligence analysts conclude that the missiles identified so far don't seem to be operational
@missilecrisis62: CIA estimates that Soviet MRBM's could explode over Washington in 13 mins once armed & ready to fire
@missilecrisis62: CIA head photo interpreter Lundahl shows JFK U2 photos of Cuban missiles. JFK later says site could be mistaken as "a football field"
@missilecrisis62: RFK expresses "shocked incredulity" at deployment of Soviet missiles on #Cuba. Admits later "we fooled ourselves"
@missilecrisis62: #JFK summons closest advisors for meeting on #Cuba, to respond to Soviet missile threat. Group becomes known as ExComm.
@missilecrisis62: Khrushchev meets with U.S ambassador to the USSR Foy Kohler & insists that all Soviet activity in Cuba is purely defensive
@missilecrisis62: Celebrated "13 days" #cubanmissilecrisis countdown begins today when #JFK is informed about missiles in Cuba.
@missilecrisis62: #JFK calls brother Robert, tells him about missiles on #Cuba. Calls Khrushchev an "immoral gangster".
@missilecrisis62: #JFK and #Cuba. The "3 a.m moment" comes just after 8. a.m. Nat security advisor figures that president will need his sleep.
@missilecrisis62: Mac Bundy informs #JFK that Soviets have deployed nuclear missiles in Cuba. First reaction: Khrushchev "can't do this to me."
@missilecrisis62: Wary an emergancy nighttime meeting would damage secrecy, National Security refuses to alert JFK to the missiles until morning
@missilecrisis62: Key members of the Kennedy administration are informed of the discovery of missiles in Cuba.
@missilecrisis62: Soviet engineers complete checkout of missile warheads in underground shelters in Cuba
@missilecrisis62: CIA Deputy Director Ray Cline is informed of the concrete discovery of missile sites in Cuba - he orders all evidence to be rechecked